Tartu University News

Application for admission to English-taught curricula now open

2 weeks 5 days ago

On 2 January, application for admission to English-taught bachelor’s and master’s curricula was opened for international students. For Estonian students, application for admission starts on 1 February.

In 2019, students are admitted to 27 English-taught curricula: two bachelor’s, one integrated bachelor’s and master’s, and 24 master’s curricula. Nearly all the programmes offer tuition waiver scholarships that cover the tuition fee. Read more about the English-taught curricula here.

The deadline for application to master’s curricula is 15 March.

The deadline for application to bachelor’s and integrated bachelor’s and master’s curricula is 15 April.

International students can file their application in DreamApply and Estonian students in SAIS.

In 2019, four new English-taught master’s programmes are opened: Bioengineering, Sound and Visual Technology, Materials Science and Technology, and Contemporary Asian and Middle Eastern Studies.

Bioengineering: This interdisciplinary programme covers the application of biological systems and engineering calculations, and educates specialists who can contribute to the development of research-intensive industry in Estonia. The curriculum places great emphasis on the acquisition of practical skills. The graduates will have a wide range of specialisation and labour market opportunities in the sectors of industrial or medical biotechnology, environmental technology, bioeconomy, valorisation of bioresources, energy, food industry and high-technology agriculture.

Sound and Visual Technology: The curriculum includes two fields of study: sound technology and visual technology. In the course of the studies, students acquire thorough knowledge of sound or lighting design and learn the specifics of major events. Students of either specialisation may also choose courses and gain in-depth knowledge in the other field. Besides the core specialities, the students will develop competence in team management, project management and entrepreneurship, and acquire knowledge in field-specific cultural theories and terminology.

Materials Science and Technology: The materials science module provides students with an overview of the structure of matter, technologies of the synthesis of materials, research methods, applications and materials development. The entrepreneurship module gives basic knowledge of entrepreneurship and includes seminars on setting up and development of small business. Electives offer students in-depth studies in a specific field of materials science developed at the University of Tartu, or acquisition of further knowledge in economics. In the course of practical training, students work in a company or in a research laboratory to gain professional work experience. Work on the master’s thesis usually starts in the first semester, when the student chooses the supervisor and laboratory.

Contemporary Asian and Middle Eastern Studies: This interdisciplinary programme covers the economy and business, political development, demographic situation and migration in Asian and Middle Eastern countries. In the course of the studies, students learn about the culture and religion of the chosen region and analyse the impact of traditions on the present-day world. As separate themes, the programme also comprises globalisation and the contacts of Asia and Middle East with Europe, North America and other regions of the world. Special emphasis is laid on studying the language of the chosen country of region.

Further information:

UT Student Admissions
372 737 6031, 737 5153
E-mail: sisseastumine [ät] ut.ee
Ülikooli 18-132, Tartu

Category: Admission
Mari Liiver (liiver)

IdeaLab brings best Ukrainian student teams to Startup Day

1 month ago

The finals of the students’ business ideas development programme Yep!Starter took place on 17 December in Kyiv. The winner of the main award, tickets and trip to Startup Day was Fonetify, whose browser extension helps to pronounce English text correctly.

The author of winning idea Serh Kruchok said that the Yep!Starter programme helped them to develop the idea. “Learning wasn’t always easy, but we got the necessary knowledge and contacts to launch our idea. We are very happy about the win and the opportunity to present our idea at Startup Day in Estonia.”

Yep!Starter is a hands-on training programme aiming to provide practical skills for developing ideas into business models.

The programme in Kyiv is built on the best practice of the UT IdeaLab and it is implemented in the framework of the practical entrepreneurship education project targeted at Ukrainian universities.

UT IdeaLab collaborates with “Platform for Innovative Partnership”, a local NGO that is developing an inter-university entrepreneurial ecosystem.

In Autumn nearly 200 students applied for the Yep!Starter programme and half of them were accepted. In October, 15 ambitious teams were formed of whom nine made it to the finals.

Maret Ahonen, IdeaLab Manager and member of the jury, said that the teams had made great progress in developing their ideas and performed professionally when answering questions and explaining their future plans to the judges. “The atmosphere was festive and you could feel excitement and tension at the same time, because all the teams wanted to do their best and win the main prize – the trip to Tartu to the Startup Day pitching stage.”

During the spring semester, 18 teams participated in the programme and the winner was team GiftHub, whose four members also won tickets to the Startup Day.

In total, students from ten universities participated in the programme, including Kyiv National Economic University, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv and the National Aviation University.

According to Andriy Zaikin, CEO of the UT IdeaLab’s partner organisation, the cooperation with UT IdeaLab has made it possible to improve the methodology of the pre-incubation programme. “Together with colleagues from Estonia we have inspired a huge number of Ukrainian students,” said Zaikin. They received more than 500 applications and 33 startup teams completed the programme. “It was a great experience for us and for the students who participated in the programme. I believe we will continue cooperation with the University of Tartu next year.”

The project "Transforming Estonian Best Practice of Practical Entrepreneurship Studies to Ukrainian Universities" is funded from the development and humanitarian aid instruments of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Additional information: Piret Arusaar, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Starter Program Manager, 516 2945, piret.arusaar [ät] ut.ee



Category: EntrepreneurshipUniversity
Made Laas (madelaas)

South-Estonian students’ 10 best business ideas

1 month ago

On 13 December, the pre-selection round of South Estonia’s biggest student business ideas competition Kaleidoskoop took place at Tartu V Conference Centre. 36 teams pitched their business ideas to judges, who selected the 10 best teams that will go to the Kaleidoskoop finals at the Startup Day business festival on 24 January.

The 10 best teams are:

MediBee – online queue and web triage for Emergency Rooms;

Pick and Drive – a platform which unites driving students who seek for cheaper driving lessons and driving instructors who want to earn extra money;

Rosella Kunst – website which connects clients and artists. Clients can commission an art piece based on a photo or an idea;

Stargazing – offers the opportunity to seek for the spots with the least light pollution and cloud coverage to gaze at the stars;

The Joy of Giving – main vision is to contribute to reducing relative poverty in Estonia by building an E-commerce website where people will be able to order their lunch and get it delivered to their doorstep. Additionally, the company will send a box of meals to poor families in Estonia;

TRIT –  makes translators more visible, translation more resource-efficient and placing orders easier;

VEINC – is an innovative wine course for all wine lovers. It is based on a subscription box service that delivers 3 bottles of wine to your door every month, with all the educational information;

Vetik –helps cosmetic producers substitute the unhealthy colorants with a new red colorant, which is natural, vegan and can have skin rejuvenating properties;

ViralSAT – combines satellite images with crowdsourced images of disaster events to provide better information for critical decision-making;

VRE – a mobile app for real estate agencies to create 360 tours with just a few clicks and without any extra tech.

The Kaleidoskoop business ideas competition took place for the 11th time and 36 teams presented their business ideas. Each student team had three minutes to pitch their idea to judges who also asked questions.

“It is always good to see a lot of young people who want to change the world or help to develop fields they are passionate about,” said judge Martin Vares. “There were teams who knew what they needed to do next and there were teams who needed to figure that out, but each idea had a value. I encourage all teams to keep on working to bring their idea to life. Collect feedback and rejections and in the end, you will be successful.”

The competition was organised together with “Startup Talks” – the Artificial Intelligence conference. The judges were Aivar Pere (UT business advisor), Martin Vares (CEO of Fractory), Sven Parkel (general manager of Tartu Biotechnology Park), Giga Sesitashvili (business analyst of Go Motors), Iuliia Trabskaia (research fellow of entrepreneurship), Laura Tomson (UT foreign funds coordinator) and Marelle Ellen (marketing manager of sTARTUp Day).   

In the finals the top 10 teams will compete to win awards, for example participation in the European Innovation Academy in Portugal, tickets to the startup and technology conference Latitude59, financial awards from Tartu City Government or a 2-month access to the coworking space Startup Hub.

The Starter programme business ideas competition is funded by the European Social Fund and EIT Health.

Contact: Riin Lisett Rei, UT IdeaLab marketing and communication manager, 5908 6451, riin.lisett.rei [ät] ut.ee




Category: EntrepreneurshipUniversity
Made Laas (madelaas)

University of Tartu increases participation in EIT partnerships

1 month 1 week ago

On 30 November, the University of Tartu became a full member in the EIT Health network of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT), and also participates in two new Knowledge and Innovation Communities that were announced on 5 December: EIT Manufacturing and EIT Urban Mobility. EIT funding to the new innovation communities will increase over the next three years from four to 80 million euros per year.

Full membership in EIT Health gives additional opportunities to UT researchers and students to initiate new development projects in collaboration with the leading research partners and enterprises of Europe.

In 2019, the EIT Manufacturing and EIT Urban Mobility partnerships will establish five or six regional innovation hubs and lay down the governance, financing and education models.

UT research groups can participate in innovation calls together with the network’s business partners; students can participate in pan-European business idea competitions and study according to the joint programmes of KIC universities and enterprises.

UT Vice Rector for Research Kristjan Vassil underlined that joining the EIT initiatives is a part of the university’s broader strategy to integrate into the research and innovation partnerships of the European Union. “To increase the external funding of the University of Tartu, we need to more actively participate in European partnerships. The university recently joined the European Big Data Value Association and plans to join more networks,” said Vassil.

Full membership in EIT Health is a great recognition to the University of Tartu’s capacity to offer unique solutions in the field of health. “It is not easy to be accepted to this network – we need to demonstrate the strengths of the university and clearly show the benefit our participation would give to the partnership,” said Kristjan Vassil.

“In the field of health, Estonia has the unique potential to use the data of the gene bank and the state e-health registries for developing new personalised medicine services and products, and use the EIT’s help to scale these solutions up to the European level,” Vassil said, as an example.

The UT Institute of Technology develops artificial muscles in cooperation with Philips, and various other educational and development projects have been carried out.

Full membership enables to undertake larger and more complex projects and also involve other UT research groups in these activities.

EIT Health Information Day on 14 December

The University of Tartu organises an information day on 14 December to introduce EIT Health’s activities and the involvement opportunities for researchers, students and enterprises in the health sector.

At the information day, held in Tartu, Riia 23, room 105, an overview is given of funding measures and application rules.

The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) is a EU-financed independent agency that strengthens Europe’s competitiveness and innovation capacity in high value-added manufacturing and service sectors.

EIT nurtures entrepreneurial talent and supports innovative ideas by establishing regional Knowledge and Innovation Communities, which comprise leading companies, universities and research centres. 

Further information: Taivo Raud, Head of Grant Office, 737 6193, 5645 6580, taivo.raud [ät] ut.ee


Category: EntrepreneurshipUniversityResearch
Made Laas (madelaas)

Kaleidoskoop is waiting for exciting business ideas

1 month 2 weeks ago

On 13th of December at V Conference Centre takes place South-Estonia’s biggest business ideas competition Kaleidoskoop pre-selection round. All student teams with business or project ideas are welcome to apply. Registration is open until 11th of December at UT IdeaLab’s webpage.

From Kaleidoskoop pre-selection round 10 best teams will be selected to go to Kaleidoskoop Finals at Startup Day on 24th of January.

Top 10 will compete to win awards like participation in the European Innovation Academy in Portugal, tickets to startup and technology conference Latitude59, financial awards from Tartu City Government or 2-month access to co-working space Startup Hub. In addition, two Starter teams will get to pitch at the Starter national business ideas competition the same day.

All business and project ideas are welcome to apply for Kaleidoskoop. Half of the team members need to be students from university or school. Each team will get 3 minutes to pitch their idea and after that a few minutes to answer questions from judges. At pre-selection round, a pitch can be either in English or Estonian but during the finals, all teams must pitch in English.

Last year at Startup Day team Decomer Technology, that is working on polymer capsules that contain honey and dissolve in water, won both Kaleidoskoop and Starter pitching competitions. After that, they got 4th place at the biggest Estonian business ideas competition Ajujaht. Currently, they are developing their product and were selected among top 10 at Prototron Fund.

Kaleidoskoop takes place together with Startup AI (Artificial Intelligence) conference at the V Conference Centre. It is the second event of Startup Talks conference series and its main topic is a realistic view of AI.

More information and registration at the UT IdeaLab webpage.

The Starter programme is funded by the European Social Fund

Contact: Riin Lisett Rei, UT IdeaLab marketing and communication manager, 5908 6451, riin.lisett.rei [ät] ut.ee




Category: EntrepreneurshipUniversity
Made Laas (madelaas)

MAKNEE is the winner of the first Life Science Pitching competition

1 month 2 weeks ago

MAKNEE won the €30,000 grand prize of Life Science Pitching competition for life science-based startups and pre-startups. MAKNEE develops novel non-invasive technology for the detection of joint disorders.

The innovation of MAKNEE utilizes thermal, kinetic and acoustic data to detect joint disorders. The solution will enable general practitioners to diagnose disorders such as osteoarthritis for a fraction of the cost of conventional clinical imaging. The devices are easily accessible, which enables quick implementation for check-ups that are not traditionally available for patients.

The Life Science Pitching competition was set up as a collaboration between nine European universities: Aalto University, Tampere University, University of Eastern Finland, University of Helsinki, University of Oslo, University of Oulu, University of Tartu, University of Turku, and Åbo Academi University.

The competition was held on 5 December, as a part of Y Science, Slush official side event that with the focus on life science, brings together the curious scientific community and the business world. Y Science is organized by University of Helsinki, HiLIFE and Slush.

Altogether there were eight finalists in the Life Science Pitching competition, and all of them received pitching training from experienced communication specialists before the event.

“The decision was tough – all companies had their strengths. The winner offered a preventative medicine solution using an inventive technical device combined with clever use of data. Their de-risk approach that combines both animal and human trials was also compelling”, say the international jury, consisting of Laura Pontiggia from European Research Council, Michael Lütolf from Creathor Ventures, and Louis Metzger Tierra Biosciences.


Further information: MAKNEE, Project Leader Jérôme Thevenot, jerome.thevenot [ät] oulu.fi, www.maknee.fi






Category: EntrepreneurshipUniversity
Made Laas (madelaas)

Reet Alas, Kristel Ruutmets, Joel Starkopf and Edith Viirlaid named lecturers of the year

1 month 2 weeks ago

Based on students’ feedback, UT’s 2018 lecturers of the year are Reet Alas, a French teacher at the College of Foreign Languages and Cultures of the Faculty of Humanities and Arts, Kristel Ruutmets, an entry level English teacher at the Faculty of Social Sciences, Joel Starkopf, a Professor of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care at the Faculty of Medicine and Edith Viirlaid, an Assistant in Colloidal and Environmental Chemistry at the Faculty of Science and Technology.

The President of the UT Student Body Allan Aksiim thinks that the University of Tartu as a promoter of science and education is a pillar of Estonian society. “Inevitably, people studying at the University of Tartu will, in the best way, gain the knowledge they need to govern the state, become a leading force in society and change the world,” he explains. “That’s why we need to recognise skilled lecturers – to make sure our young people and future leaders inherit their valuable intellectual resources.”

The lecturers of the year received silver pins designed by jewellery designer Katrin Veegen especially for this occasion. In addition, the lecturers received a bonus the size of a professor’s minimum monthly wage at UT.

   Reet Alas    Kristel Ruutmets    Joel Strarkopf    Edith Viirlaid


The best programme directors from each faculty were also recognised.

Programme directors of the year in the Faculty of Social Sciences:

  • Helen Poltimäe, programme director of the BA curriculum in Business Administration at the School of Economics.
  • Gerda Mihhailova, programme director of the MA curriculum in Service Design and Management at Pärnu College.

Programme director of the year in the Faculty of Humanities and Arts:

  • Marge Konsa, programme director of the BA, MA and PhD curricula in History.

Programme director of the year in the Faculty of Science and Technology:

  • Heiki Kasemägi, programme director of the BA curriculum in Computer Engineering and the MA curriculum in Robotics.

Programme director of the year in the Faculty of Medicine:

  • Daisy Volmer, programme director of the integrated BA and MA curriculum in Pharmacy.

All prizes were awarded at the anniversary ball on 1 December in Vanemuine Concert Hall.

More information: Allan Aksiim, President of the UT Student Body, 5843 7043, allan.aksiim [ät] ut.ee

Category: UniversityStudies
Kaja Karo (kajakk)

UT researcher awarded significant grant for e-Estonia

1 month 2 weeks ago

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Dominique Unruh, a cryptography professor at the University of Tartu, has been awarded a 1.7 million euro grant by the European Research Council (ERC). The grant also contributes significantly to Estonia's public e-services and cyber security. Professor Unruh will develop a solution to protect future IT services from powerful quantum computers.

Estonia's existing e-services are totally safe and hack-proof. However, they use cryptographic systems that are not sufficiently protected against the powerful quantum computers of the near future. Within a few years, quantum computers could pose a real danger to cyber safety. This will affect everything from ID card authentication to legally binding documents and electronic elections.

Dominique Unruh, a cryptography professor at the University of Tartu, received a prominent ERC research grant for developing a computerised method to mathematically verify new crypto-protocols.

“A lot of new cryptographic building blocks have been developed internationally to help security systems hold out against the computing power of quantum computers,” he explained. “Our project creates a foundation for guaranteeing the safety and reliability of future e-services."

Replacing crypto-systems takes years. Although quantum computers do not yet exist, quantum cryptography is starting to be implemented so as to prevent future dangers. "The technologically more simplistic quantum devices that have been on the market for years are enough for developing a lot of cryptographic protocols,” Unruh added. “If we can't create safe systems to counter the computing power of quantum computers now, it'll be too late in the future."

Professor Unruh's research is vitally important to e-Estonia and a huge leap forward for the IT field. "This is the first IT grant of such prestige in Estonia and great recognition of how effective our work has been so far,” said Jaak Vilo, the head of UT's Institute of Computer Sciences. “On behalf of the IT centre of excellence EXCITE, we would like to say we’re very proud of our colleague's achievement."

Dominique Peer Ghislain Unruh is a cryptography professor at the Institute of Computer Science of the University of Tartu and the head of the Chair of Security and Theoretical Computer Science. He obtained his Master's and Doctoral degrees from Karlsruhe University in Germany and completed his post-doctoral studies at Saarland University. He has been working at the University of Tartu since 2011.

The European Research Council (ERC) funds research and innovative new projects on the frontiers of science. ERC grants are some of the most renowned among European researchers.

More information:
Jaak Vilo, Head of UT Institute of Computer Science, +372 50 49 365, jaak.vilo [ät] ut.ee
Mattias Jõesaar, Marketing and Communication Specialist, UT Institute of Computer Science, +372 51 36 709, mattias.joesaar [ät] ut.ee

Category: ResearchPress release
Kaja Karo (kajakk)

University of Tartu joined the European Big Data Value Association

1 month 2 weeks ago

On 14 November, the Board of Directors of Big Data Value Association (BDVA) – a network of enterprises, research institutions and other public sector organisations who collect, process big data and use it in product development – approved the University of Tartu as its full member. BDVA was launched in 2014 and collaborates as a partner to the European Commission in implementing the big data research programme within the Horizon 2020 framework.

BDVA membership enables the University of Tartu’s big data research groups to participate in the thematic work groups and calls for applications within the network. Thereby it is possible to significantly enhance the opportunities to take part in external projects and find new contacts and partners among the major industrial enterprises and research institutions of Europe.

BDVA has currently 207 members and in addition to information exchange between the partners, the organisation is also engaged in research on data-driven business applications and services, and in data portals and software solutions. In rapidly developing areas like personalised medicine, smart energy and transport solutions and remote monitoring services, more and more data and more diverse data are used increasingly faster. The competitiveness of enterprises depends increasingly more on how they can improve their production, marketing or maintenance services in real time based on feedback from users or devices. For governments and local authorities, the use of big data gives innovative opportunities to improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of public sector services.

All research groups of the University of Tartu can join the BDVA work groups. Currently, the Big Data Research Group of the Institute of Computer Science and the Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies collaborate with BDVA, but researchers of all faculties who use big data in their work are welcome to participate.

Vice Rector for Research Kristjan Vassil said that those who participate in partnership projects have a clear competitive advantage in applying for Horizon 2020 grants, and they are more successful. “For example, Estonia with its advanced e-government and public registers and data has a unique possibility of being a very attractive partner and an experimental platform for European enterprises and research institutions. Besides public databases we also have excellent research groups who work on developing machine learning and artificial intellect, and valorising big data,” said Vassil.

With the current Horizon 2020 and the future EU R&D framework programmes Horizon Europe and Digital Europe, the European Commission invests more than 25 billion euros in ICT research and development, incl. a considerable part of it through the collaboration platforms of enterprises and research institutions. BDVA intends to join the European initiative for the development of high-performance data processing (EuroHPC) and recently published a supporting position on setting up a European public-private sector partnership on AI in the 2021–2027 budget period.

More information is available on www.bdva.eu. Information on how to join the work groups is available from Grant Office.

Further information: Vallo Mulk, Senior Specialist for International R&D Cooperation, vallo.mulk [ät] ut.ee

Category: Research
Kaja Karo (kajakk)

University of Tartu celebrates the 99th anniversary of the Estonian national university

1 month 3 weeks ago

On Saturday, 1 December, the University of Tartu celebrates the 99th anniversary of the Estonian national university. At the anniversary ceremony, doctorates and honorary doctorates are conferred and the award for contribution to national identity is presented. During the week, many fascinating anniversary events take place at the university – for students, alumni and all those interested.

“If we look back at the time 99 years ago, we can say that as a national university we have achieved what Peeter Põld, the then curator the university, wished for. Põld was convinced that a national university cannot operate alone, on its own, but should be a part of an international joint research effort,” said UT Rector, Professor Toomas Asser before the anniversary. “To be an international national university – this is our key to success and longevity.”

At the ceremonial meeting held in the university assembly hall on 1 December, four honorary doctorates are conferred and the 113 doctors of philosophy who have received their degrees during the year are presented.

The university confers the title of Honorary Doctor in Folkloristics of the University of Tartu on Professor Dorothy Noyes of Ohio State University, the title of Honorary Doctor of Law on Professor Kåre Lilleholt of the University of Oslo, the title of Honorary Doctor in Medicine on Ilpo Tapani Huhtaniemi, Emeritus Professor of the University of Turku and Imperial College London, and the title of Honorary Doctor of Geography on Professor Frank Witlox of Ghent University.

The award for contribution to national identity is presented at the ceremony. This award is granted to individuals whose creative work has made an outstanding contribution to promoting the national identity of Estonians and Estonia. Joel Starkopf, Professor of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, delivers an academic lecture “Medicine as national science”.

Attendance at the ceremony is by invitation only. UTTV produces a live broadcast of the ceremony. Simultaneous translation into English is provided.

In the evening, the traditional torchlight procession of the university members starts at the academic building Vanemuise 46 at 17, and the anniversary ball in the Vanemuine Concert Hall at 19.

On Friday, 30 November, the Honorary Doctor of Folkloristics, Professor Dorothy Noyes delivers a public lecture “Whatever happened to Convivència? Festival and collective performance from the Spanish Transition to the Catalan crisis“ in Von Bock’s house (Ülikooli 16).

Anniversary events continue next week. On 6 December, the annual conference of UT Museum “Did we really want such a (national) university?” is held in the museum, starting at 9:30, and the presentation of the publication “Issues of the History of the University of Tartu” vol. 46 starts at 15:30. A new exhibition is opened in the Treasury at 16.

Photo exhibition “Takeoff”, displaying the graduation projects of the Estonian Native Textile students of Viljandi Culture Academy, will be open for all visitors in the lobby of the university’s main building until 14 January.

See the programme of anniversary events.


Further information:
Kady Sõstar, UT Senior Specialist for Protocol, 737 5685, 511 9188, kady.sostar [ät] ut.ee

Category: University
Kaja Karo (kajakk)

University of Tartu to join U4 university network

1 month 3 weeks ago

Rectors of the four universities that make up the U4 Network decided to accept the University of Tartu (TÜ) as the network's fifth full member.

Members of the U4, which includes Ghent University, University of Göttingen, University of Groningen and Uppsala University, gathered in the German city of Göttingen on Thursday and agreed on expanding the network, deciding that the University of Tartu will be included as the network's fifth full-fledged member, spokespeople for the University of Tartu said.

Negotiations regarding the network's agreement and new name are ongoing.

University of Tartu Rector Toomas Asser said that participating in this cooperation platform will be very important for the university.

"We have ambitious aims with the partners for jointly developing both the universities' main activities as well as management practice," Asser said. "It will also be interesting for the University of Tartu to learn from the experiences of the network thus far, such as involving students in management roles and in ensuring general management quality."

The University of Tartu's Vice Rector for Development Erik Puura, who coordinated the Estonian university's joining of the U4, said that the partnership confirms the university's excellence.

"It could be said that we are among the top in the world, in any case among the best in Europe, where at least all Eastern and Central European universities are ranked after the University of Tartu," Puura noted. "And this is a proud feeling."

Founded in 2008, the U4 Network supports finding solutions to societal problems with expert knowledge and resources as well as initiating innovative processes in education and research. A great deal of attention at these universities is paid to supporting initiatives coming from below; the involvement of students in all processes is very important.

In addition, the U4 helps find partners for participating in education cooperation of the Erasmus+ program and the research consortia of Horizon 2020.

  Category: UniversityInternational
Mari Liiver (liiver)

Thirteen University of Tartu researchers among the most influential in the world

1 month 3 weeks ago

The recently released 2018 Highly Cited Researchers Report by Clarivate Analytics includes 17 scientists from Estonia, 13 of whom work at the University of Tartu.

The Highly Cited Researchers Report lists over 6,000 most influential natural and social scientists of the last decade, based on the Web of Science database.

Last year the report listed more than 3,300 scientists, six of whom were affiliated with the University of Tartu.

Among the 6,000 most cited researchers of the world are the following Tartu University scientists: geneticists Andres Metspalu, Tõnu Esko, Reedik Mägi and Markus Perola; natural scientists Urmas Kõljalg, Leho Tedersoo, Martin Zobel (in two fields: plant and animal sciences and environment and ecology), Meelis Pärtel, Mari Moora, Kessy Aberenkov and Mohammad Bahram; physicist Heikki Junninen; and statistician Krista Fischer.

Punching above weight

The number of Estonian researchers on the list, including the University of Tartu researchers, doubled for the second year in a row. Besides the Tartu University researchers, this year’s list also contains Ülo Niinemets of the Estonian University of Life Sciences and three researchers of the National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics: Angela Ivask, Anne Kahru and Kaja Kasemets.

“The fact that our results are better compared with our neighbours’ is an evidence of the success and the high level of Estonian science – there are no Latvian scientists on the list, there is one researcher from Lithuania, seven from Russia, six from Poland and 36 from Finland, two of whom are affiliated with the University of Tartu,” the university said in a statement.

The professor of experimental psychology, Jüri Allik, one of Estonia’s most influential experts in research metrics, said that Estonia looked like a scientific superpower. “Finland has a total of 36 names on the list, three times more than Estonia. However, as the population ratio is bigger, we are also better than Finland here,” Allik noted.

Category: Research
Mari Liiver (liiver)

Transition to new study information system starts on 1 December

1 month 4 weeks ago

Modules necessary for students in the new study information system (SIS2) are ready for use after testing and troubleshooting, and students will be able to start using the system on 1 December.

The following modules for students are ready for use:

  • courses, curricula and continuing education;
  • learner profile, viewing academic results, timetables and “My Timetable”;
  • viewing and sending messages;
  • registration for courses and subject groups;
  • registration for course waiting list.

The final versions of the modules were developed based on testers’ comments and suggestions for improvement. In the course of development, all modules were evaluated by academic affairs specialists, programme directors and students. The comments received as feedback were divided into three groups. Critical errors are rectified by 1 December. Other important comments will be taken into consideration in spring 2019 and the third group of suggestions, over a longer period.

Development will continue on modules that support students in planning their learning path and studies. By spring 2019 also the feedback module will be completed.

Some failures may still occur when using the new modules. We appreciate your understanding and expect feedback on errors to the email address ois2 [ät] ut.ee.

In November, the reliability of SIS2 was evaluated. The system was tested under a load, with 15,000 users.

After students, the new study information system will be available for work for all teaching staff members, programme directors and academic affairs specialists. SIS2 will be fully operable by the autumn semester.

SIS1 remains open for students until the beginning of the spring semester, giving access to the materials of past courses. Students also have to give feedback to the autumn semester courses in SIS1. From 11 February 2019, the beginning of the spring semester, SIS2 will be the only study information system for students.

During the transition to the new study information system, training will be provided. Currently there are training sessions for academic affairs specialists, and starting from December, for tutors, i.e. volunteer student advisors.

For university employees, the current study information system will be available for use until SIS2 is fully implemented. Still, it should be taken into account that students will not be using SIS1 in the spring semester and cannot therefore view study materials in SIS1.

More information about SIS2 development is available on the intranet.

Further information: Kristel Mikkor, Head of Office of Academic Affairs, 737 5508, kristel.mikkor [ät] ut.ee
                                     Nevil Reinfeldt, Head of Information Technology Office, 737 5613, nevil.reinfeldt [ät] ut.ee
                                     Gert Post, SIS project manager, gert.post [ät] ut.ee


Category: University
Viivika Eljand-Kärp (viivikae)

Professor Gaabriel Tavits elected as Director of the School of Law

2 months ago

The council of the School of Law elected Professor in Social Law, Vice Dean for Academic Affairs of the Faculty of Social Sciences Gaabriel Tavits as the Director of the School of Law. The new director will assume the position on 1 January 2019, after the expiry of the term of office of current director Peep Pruks.

“The School of Law of the University of Tartu will continue development in the same direction – high-quality legal education at all three levels of study and high-level research,” says the future director Gaabriel Tavits.

Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences Raul Eamets acknowledges Peep Pruks for effective management of the School of Law and wishes success to the new director. “Peep Pruks has been a committed leader and stood out with his composure and determination. I am grateful to him for his excellent work. I wish the same kind of determination to Gaabriel Tavits, who has convincingly demonstrated his leadership skills in his current position as a vice dean. I can confirm that the School of Law will get an excellent director,” says Eamets. He adds that the faculty is actively looking for a new vice dean for academic affairs and that there are potential candidates for the position.

Professor Gaabriel Tavits graduated from the School of Law at the University of Tartu in 1994 and defended his doctoral dissertation on the scope of regulation of labour law in 2001.

He has been working at the University of Tartu since 1996, first as a lecturer and associate professor in labour and social security law, and since 2016, as Professor in Social Law. Since 2018, Professor Tavits is the Vice Dean for Academic Affairs of the Faculty of Social Sciences and is responsible for the organisation and development of teaching and studies in the faculty.

His main areas of research are modern labour law and social law. He has published a number of publications that have contributed to the development of labour law both in Estonia and internationally. He is the author of several books on the legal basis of civil service, social security law and the social protection of migrant workers in the European Union.

Gaabriel Tavits has also participated in legislative drafting, for example, as a member of the codification committee of the Social Code Act.

Professor Tavits has extensive international experience. He is a member of several international cooperation networks, for example the European Labour Law Network and the European Centre of Expertise in the field of labour law, employment and labour market policy.

Further information: Raul Eamets, Dean of UT Faculty of Social Sciences, 514 0082, raul.eamets [ät] ut.ee


Category: Press release
Viivika Eljand-Kärp (viivikae)

Head of new research group convinced there is a growing awareness of the potential of big data

2 months 2 weeks ago

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 A new Big Data Research Group led by Professor Sherif Sakr has started working at the University of Tartu Institute of Computer Science. In addition to research and teaching, the new research group is going to develop novel and comprehensive services that help end users to effectively analyse excessive databases. 

In the future, analytical models created by the Big Data Research Group will help to tackle problems in a vast variety of fields from health to digital identification. For example, the research group will elaborate on the highly complex predictive models used currently in health services. So far medical professionals have only been able to use the results predicted by computers, but the group is aiming to develop a novel solution that offers a clear rationale behind each prediction. As such, the updated model helps physicians to determine, for example, whether a patient will develop diabetes within a period of two years and explains the rationale for making such a prediction.

According to the head of the group Professor Sherif Sakr, research communities, as well as industry and public sector have started to realise what an enormous potential big data analytics has. “It is essential that Estonia is at the forefront of research in this strongly emerging field, and has a great potential to influence the international agenda and benefit from the outcomes,” he says.

The establishment of the Big Data Research Group at the Institute of Computer Science at the University of Tartu was supported by the European Regional Development Fund’s Mobilitas Plus Programme that aims to foster a research climate that nurtures creativity, values interdisciplinary research, and stimulates effective knowledge transfer.

According to Andres Koppel, Chairman of the Board of the Estonian Research Council, this science policy measure was created to support the establishment of such research groups: “We are very glad that Mobilitas Plus top researcher grant, aiming to attract the best foreign researchers to carry out their research in Estonia, has been successful and about to fulfil its purpose – a researcher who arrived in Estonia thanks to the grant, has been able to create a new research group, and that his research field coincides with the strategic interests of the university. The university in turn has contributed a lot to support the establishment of this research group.“

More information: Sherif Sakr, Research Professor of Big Data, Institute of Computer Science, University of Tartu, 737 6431, sherif.sakr [ät] ut.ee

Category: Research
Kaja Karo (kajakk)

Students behind new eco-friendly sunscreen win silver medal in international competition

2 months 2 weeks ago

The International Genetically Engineered Machine Competition (IGEM) proved extremely successful for students of science and technology from the University of Tartu, who brought home a silver medal. The students and their supervisor successfully solved one problem of marine pollution.

Every year 14,000 tons of sunscreen end up in seas and oceans, with many people applying the product before going swimming. Most commercially produced sunscreens contain chemical compounds with broad-spectrum UV radiation that are extremely poisonous for the natural environment. Sunscreens drastically increase the levels of poisonous substances in water, causing corals to develop pathologies.

In order to avoid water pollution, the students and their supervisor developed a natural UV protectant that only uses mycosporine-like amino acids, which protect the skin from photoaging and have an anti-inflammatory effect and antioxidant activity. The product can even be considered anticarcinogenic.

Our team was awarded a silver medal for their eco-friendly sunscreen in the final round of the competition in Boston.

The project had been launched a year earlier. The finalists were chosen based on the uniqueness of their ideas, Team Wiki (a website that allows the team to share info and ideas, organise group work and collaborate on projects) poster sessions and the total score for their presentation.

The team competing in Boston comprised second-year science and technology students Irina Borovko, Nargiz Kazimova, Frida Matiyevskaya, Turan Badalli and Tinatin Tkesheliadze and third-year students Alissa Agerova and Aleksandra Panfilova. Second-year science and technology students Veronika Kirillova, Artur Astapenka, Klāvs Jermakovs, Nadezhda Chulkova, Anastasia Kolosova, Vladislav Tuzov and Huynh Ngoc Chau Phan were also part of the team. Third-year students Dainis Ivanovs, Luka Bulatovic and Daniel Schmidt assisted the team in the laboratory.

The team was supervised by Ilona Faustova, who has been named the programme director of the year.

More information: Ilona Faustova, Research Fellow in Molecular Biology, ilona.faustova [ät] ut.ee

Category: Research
Kaja Karo (kajakk)

Latest ranking confirms the top quality of social sciences at UT

2 months 2 weeks ago

The specialities of the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Tartu rose to high positions in the latest Times Higher Education (THE) university rankings by subject. Two subjects entered the ranking for the first time: economics (ranked in the 251–300 range) and education (301–400).

The University of Tartu’s social sciences have maintained their last year’s position in the ranking (in the 251–300 range). In the THE classification, social sciences include communication and media studies, politics and international studies, sociology and geography (human geography and regional planning).

“It is a truly excellent achievement that the teaching and research in business and economics at the University of Tartu have found a place in THE ranking,” said Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences Raul Eamets. “Our economics is at the same level as that of our good colleagues at the University of Turku and the University of Kiel. Also Saint Petersburg State University and Birkbeck, University of London are in the same range with us.”

Eamets also emphasised the importance of maintaining business and economics education both in Tartu and Tallinn. “It is a shame that as the areas of responsibility are divided between universities, there is an attempt to draw a distinction between business administration and economics. Actually, they are the two sides of the same coin. Together with economists from the Tallinn University of Technology, we have together led both directions and definitely continue to do so in the future,” Eamets added.

The subjects highlighted in the ranking are taught at the University of Tartu in the School of Economics and Business Administration, Institute of Education, Institute of Social Sciences and Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies.

The universities in the Baltic countries who have made it to the subject ranking in social sciences also include the Tallinn University of Technology (social sciences in the 251–300 range, economics 501+), Vilnius University (social sciences 501–600, economics 501+), and Kaunas University of Technology (social sciences 601+, economics 501+).

To compile the ranking by subjects, the London-based weekly magazine Times Higher Education uses the same methodology as the one used for the THE World University Rankings. For evaluation they employ 13 performance indicators, which describe the learning environment, research influence, volume of research, academic reputation, income, innovation and international outlook.

Further information: Raul Eamets, Dean of the UT Faculty of Social Sciences, Professor of Macroeconomics, 737 5901, 514 0082, raul.eamets [ät] ut.ee

Category: University
Kaja Karo (kajakk)

UT Library Open Stacks and Third-floor Rooms Will Be Opened

2 months 3 weeks ago

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The open stacks on the first floor and reading rooms, Music Department and private work rooms on the third floor will be opened for the readers on Thursday, 1 November.

“Although the renovation deadline would have been at the beginning of 2019, we are very pleased with the fact that the construction company finished the work already by the end of August,” said Liisi Lembinen, the UT Library Acting Director.  “The full opening of the library can now take place earlier than we dared to expect at the beginning of this year.” 

In September and October, the third floor was furnished and books were reshelved in the reading rooms; the whole of the public space of the library is now ready to welcome our readers.

From Thursday on, the first-floor open stacks are accessible for all readers. “People can find the call numbers of the books on the e-catalogue ESTER, and come and pick up the books from the bookshelves,” said Lembinen and added that the open stacks are provided with plenty of guiding signs so that the books can easily be found. As the open stacks are a totally new feature at our library, we offer guided tours to the readers. Guided tours will be held on Thursday at 11 and 13 o’clock, the guides will meet the participants at the Information desk in the lobby; all students and university faculty members are welcome.

The third-floor recreation area has comfortable seating for relaxing and socialising, and equipment for a more active workout. A special room is provided with an exercise bike, a rowing machine, and treadmills, as well as with yoga mats and dumbbells. There is also a special room where people can eat the food they have brought from home.

The private work rooms, previously very popular among researchers and post-graduates, were also renovated. There are now 56 rooms in total. “These rooms are still in high demand,” said Lembinen.

Although the renovation of the underground stacks is completed, it will still take a couple of months to arrange all the collections to their right shelves. Therefore, some older collections will still remain unavailable until the end of March.

Additional information:  Herdis Olmaru, Communication Manager of UT Library, 737 5749, herdis.olmaru [ät] ut.ee

Category: University
Kaja Karo (kajakk)

What to notice in the Soviet Estonian Female Bildungsroman?

3 months 1 week ago

Recently, Johanna Ross defended her doctoral thesis at the University of Tartu in which she examined works by Soviet Estonian women writers and the depiction of female characters in them.

This topic has intrigued Johanna Ross for a long time. About ten years ago, she began writing a master’s thesis on the topic of Aimée Beekman’s novel An Opportunity for Choice (Valikuvõimalus), more specifically, on the topic of its reception. It has been said that this novel influenced a whole generation of women by challenging the current model of marriage, as discussed in Universitas Tartuensis magazine.

The 1970s and 80s were different for Soviet Estonian literature than earlier times. Many novels on contemporary topics were published, which focused mainly on the marital and extramarital relationships of the characters. Even though these novels were read and talked of, they were considered to have a low literary value.

Understood differently

Retrospectively, these novels and the common direction have been interpreted differently. It has been found that these novels were light fiction and not recognised or acknowledged by the Soviet critics as such. On the other hand, signs of an onset of feminist consciousness in these novels have been seen in these novels.

In her doctoral thesis, Ross gave an overview of novels by Soviet Estonian women authors which can be read as Bildungsroman. These novels focus on the young female protagonist’s quest for her role in society, seeking to reconcile her own wants and desires with societal expectations.

The literary texts analysed by Ross depict the personal and societal growth of a woman, but are created under specific conditions. Firstly, the public order is totalitarian and secondly, female roles dominating both the actual political sphere and the social praxis diverge from the official ideal.

Thirdly, literature by default functions as a site of resistance where opposition to the official doctrine is considered de rigueur.

Johanna Ross wanted to find out, which situations are played out on literary characters and how they resonate with the audience. For this purpose, she designed two ways of reading.

The first one is a national-oppositional reading mode. This reading assumes that literature rebels against the Soviet regime and the Soviet literary ideology by trying to subvert it in a surreptitious manner that is recognisable for the informed reader.

The second is a feminist reading mode which also often employs a subversive rhetoric of resistance by either criticising the traditional gender roles and the corresponding storylines.

In the analysis of the texts, Ross included their contemporary reviews, taking into account that the reviews published in the Soviet media might not have reflected the immediate reading experience, but were informed to a considerable extent by the political currents of the time.

Among others, Ross also looked at war novels published mainly in the 1960s. According to her, the Khrushchev Thaw made it possible, both in Estonia and elsewhere in the Soviet Union, to write about war in a slightly different manner than before.

Thus, the authors could pay more attention to the meaning of war for the individual. “Based on my thesis, it could be concluded that Estonian women writers carried out this deviation by depicting everyday life in the home front or in occupied areas where there was a majority of women”, said Ross.

Authors largely depicted their own experience, or that of their close acquaintances. However, the female characters created were strong women who were not afraid of physical labour, as dictated by the Soviet ideology. Ideologically, they are also pure and righteous, or at least on the path to such purity. On the other hand, these characters are created in a very feminine way. The author draws attention to their physical appearance and their caring nature.

On the one hand, they have romantic interests, but – in keeping with a typical model for the female Bildungsroman – romances seldom have a happy ending. The female protagonist typically has to – and wants to – cope on her own.

Changes between editions

One of the novels that Ross looked at more closely was With Tale of the River Emajõgi (Emajõe jutustus) by Luise Vaher. Her attention was primarily drawn to the differences between the two editions published in 1960 and 1974. The author has made changes to the text that mostly concern the female protagonist Anneli and her life.

The earlier Anneli took the path destined for a hero of a Soviet novel distancing herself from her old life and reactionary family and striving towards a new, communist social order.

“Descriptions of her looks, thoughts and feelings, however, are often reminiscent of a romantic heroine straight out of a “bourgeois” romance novel – a popular genre in Estonia during the author’s youth”, said Ross.

In the new edition, the author tries to make Anneli’s story more “correct”, to mould the protagonist into a more politically conscious Soviet woman. Descriptions of her looks and romantic scenes have been cut down and in general, the importance of a romantic storyline for her has been downplayed. “This decreases the importance of the private sphere in the novel and in turn makes the story less appealing for the audience”, thought Ross.

The author of the doctoral thesis also looked at Village Without Men (Meesteta küla) by Lilli Promet. This novel, set in the home front has an abundance of female characters, descriptions of their past and wartime scenes of their everyday lives.

The novel is made significant by the fact that the author and various institutions wrangled for three years over its publication. Ross explained that the main reason concerned the structure of the text which put it into contrast with the heroic narrative of the Great Patriotic War.

During those three years, when the publishing of the novel was delayed, the range expanded of what was considered as being acceptable. “The novel in question served as an agent of change itself in the local context and permission was finally given”, said Ross.

As a result, the publication history of the novel marks it out as a bold, rebellious act despite the fact that the text itself includes utterly Soviet scenes of meetings and people singing The Internationale together, for example.

Almost 20 years later, Lilli Promet writes the novel Girls from the Sky (Tüdrukud taevast). The protagonist is an Estonian-born Soviet female parachutist who is tasked with gathering information in German-occupied Estonia. The protagonist is described as particularly ladylike, drawing attention and letting herself notice her own and other women’s clothes and hair.

The reception of the novel was rather cold. Ross considers one of the reasons was probably because war history, including the occupation of Estonia, was still a highly regulated subject despite the slowly slackening ideological constraints and remained so up until the collapse of the Soviet Union. “These traumas had still not been talked through for Estonians. The audience was somewhat sceptical towards any sort of lighter approach to the subject”, said Ross.

Ross noted the same for Aimée Beekman’s Potato Bells (Kartulikuljused). It does not give priority to the gender issue but it depicts Estonians’ mass escape to the West in 1944 in a grotesque light.

Another reason is the gender discourse that had undergone a change by 1979. Girls from the Sky found itself against the backdrop of the so-called everyday literature rather than war literature.

“Although the feminisation of the character of a Soviet female parachutist could have been intriguing in theory, it seemed more like a caricature at the time, belittling both war and women, and the audience was not amused”, said Ross.

Ross looked more closely at marriage novels that centre on the question of reaching, maintaining or breaking up a marriage. The first such novel she analysed was Ukuaru by Veera Saar.

It is a two-part novel, with a significant focus on finding oneself either through professional, social self-actualisation or through family.

Perhaps the most remarkable part for Ross is the way that half of Ukuaru has been almost completely forgotten. The story of private self-actualization as embodied by Minna of Ukuaru is well remembered: she lives during the lost Golden Age, the Republic of Estonia of the 1930s, and fits the romantic archetype of an Estonian country woman.

At the same time, Kaili, a Soviet Estonian forestry worker in the 1950s, who works hard to break out of the shadow of her husband, has been left out.

Influenced by the completion of the library

Ross explained that as the library of the University of Tartu was closed to the renovation works during the last years of writing her doctoral thesis, she had to find help from Tartu Oskar Luts Public Library and the Estonian Literary Museum’s Archival Library.

At the same time, the author of the doctoral thesis found that the need for being at the library physically has declined.

While writing the thesis, Artiklite ja Retsensioonide Kroonika (Chronicle of Articles and Reviews), journals Keel ja kirjandus (Language and Literature), Looming (Creation) and Vikerkaar (Rainbow) as well as the newspaper Sirp ja Vasar (Sickle and Hammer) had also been fully digitised and made available online. This made work considerably easier.

The translation of this article from Estonian Public Broadcasting science news portal Novaator was funded by the European Regional Development Fund through Estonian Research Council.


Category: Research
Mari-Liis Pintson (pintson)

Folkloristic approach throws new light on old norse sagas

3 months 1 week ago

Old Norse family sagas are the part of vernacular literature written by Scandinavian people up to 14th century. Although the stories are very realistic, usually connected with realism and down-to-earth conflicts, supernatural elements are also present and important in them. Most of the scholars have neglected these elements, but the professor of Scandinavian studies at the University of Tartu, Daniel Sävborg, has inversely felt special interest in these parts.

Old Nordic literature has been Sävborg’s focus for a very long time, because Icelandic sagas are very rich and fascinating material, as he said. What is more, he mentioned that Icelandic authors wrote more over 100 years than Swedish authors wrote during the whole medieval times. So, the culture of Iceland had the one with the largest vernacular literatures in Europe during those times.

With his four-year project, he wanted to throw light on these parts exactly, which have generally been neglected, and with the help of new perspectives, regarding comparative material as well as theory. “The Old Norse stories are realistic,  about farmers’ lives, for example, but there are also trolls and other supernatural beings as characters. They have been seen as some sort of anomaly and therefore it seems that these have not been researched, as they do not fit into the general picture of what Icelandic sagas should look like”, he explained.

Different People Interpreted Supernatural Differently

He also wanted to use a folkloristic approach, since until now, the Old Norse literature has been largely studied by the philologists, who are mainly analysing written text and language, but the folkloristic view opens new aspects of the stories and also give material for comparison with the later stories.

“My goal was to see the supernatural elements in the folkloristic way to understand them as a possible part of the people’s folk belief in the time when the text was written”, Sävborg noted. “It is quite clear that nowadays it is maybe rather peculiar to have superstitions, but in medieval times, it was an important part of people’s lives. They believed that that trolls and spirits lived in the mountains and forests, for example.”

As one of the most important results, Sävborg named the very clear distinction between learnt and popular discourse. “Earlier scholars have considered supernatural as a purely literary motif in the sagas, but I would say that it reflects a real thing. But of course, I could determine very different treatment of supernatural characters in the different type of texts. In the texts written by priests, for example, supernatural characters were basically manifested demonic spirits, demons and devils, but not an independent species, as they were interpreted in the sagas of farmers, for example. For regular people, trolls were species who lived in the mountains and had families etc”, he described and added that this distinction can explain the depiction of supernatural beings in different texts.

Helps to See Deeper

Sävborg sees that the same distinction can be used in the future when working with some other supernatural medieval texts, because by using this, it is possible to see so much more in the texts. As one more recommendation to colleagues or contribution to the science he named, the general idea is to use a more folkloristic approach and compare earlier texts with later ones.

During his project, Sävborg published many publications and some books, and he has some more articles coming. He also plans to continue supernatural studies and research oral narratives and traditions, maybe with an ex-doctoral student from Reykjavik.

Further information:
Daniel Sävborg, UT Professor of Scandinavian Studies, Head of the Department of Scandinavian Studies, daniel.savborg [ät] ut.ee

Written by Marii Kangur

This article was funded by the European Regional Development Fund through Estonian Research Council.

Category: Research
Mari-Liis Pintson (pintson)
24.01.2019 - 08:17
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